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Oldowan tools were therefore the earliest tools in human history, and mark the beginning of the archaeological record.

The term "Oldowan" is taken from the site of Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania, where the first Oldowan tools were discovered by the archaeologist Louis Leakey in the 1930s.

It reached its peak with early species of Homo such as H. Acheulean is the industry of stone tool manufacture by early humans of the Lower Palaeolithic era in Africa and much of West Asia and Europe.

Acheulean tools are typically found with Homo erectus remains.

The move towards agriculture started in the Middle East.

During the Palaeolithic Age humans grouped together in small bands.

Their oval and pear-shaped hand axes have been found over a wide area. Although it developed in Africa, the industry is named after the type site of Saint-Acheul, now a suburb of Amiens in northern France where some of the first examples were found in the 19th century.

Now it is realised that stone tools were used much earlier (3.3 million years ago) and that was definitely before the genus Homo had evolved.

It is not known for sure which species actually created and used Oldowan tools. Early Homo erectus appears to inherit Oldowan technology and refines it into the Acheulean industry beginning 1.7 million years ago.

They lived by gathering plants and hunting wild animals.

The Oldowan is the archaeological term used to refer to the stone tool industry that was used by hominids during the earliest Palaeolithic period.

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